Amazon Redshift Spectrum data output
This article provides an introduction to Amazon Redshift Spectrum along with a guide on creating an output to Amazon Redshift Spectrum with Upsolver.
Using Amazon Redshift Spectrum, you can query and retrieve structured and semistructured data from files in Amazon S3 without having to load the data into Amazon Redshift tables.
Redshift Spectrum queries employ parallelism to execute quickly against large datasets. Much of the processing occurs in the Redshift Spectrum layer and most of the data remains in Amazon S3. Multiple clusters can concurrently query the same dataset in Amazon S3 without the need to make copies of the data for each cluster.
1. Go to the Outputs page and click New.
2. Select Redshift Spectrum as your output type.
3. Name your output and select your Data Sources, then click Next.
4. Click the information icon
in the fields tree to view information about a field. The following will be displayed:
Density in Events
Density in Data
How many of the events in this data source include this field, expressed as a percentage (e.g. 20.81%).
The density in the hierarchy (how many of the events in this branch of the data hierarchy include this field), expressed a percentage.
How many unique values appear in this field.
The total number of values ingested for this field.
The first time this field included a value, for example, a year ago.
The last time this field included a value, for example, 2 minutes ago.
Field Content Samples Over Time
The percentage distribution of the field values. These distribution values can be exported by clicking Export.
A time-series graph of the total number of events that include the selected field.
The most recent data values for the selected field and columns. You can change the columns that appear by clicking Choose Columns.
5. Click the information icon
next to a hierarchy element (such as the overall data) to review the following metrics:
# of Fields
# of Keys
# of Arrays
The number of fields in the selected hierarchy.
The number of keys in the selected hierarchy.
The number of arrays in the selected hierarchy.
A stacked bar chart (by data type) of the number of fields versus the density/distinct values or a stacked bar chart of the number of fields by data type.
A list of the fields in the hierarchy element, including Type, Density, Top Values, Key, Distinct Values, Array, First Seen, and Last Seen.
6. Click the plus icon
in the fields tree to add a field from the data source to your output. This will be reflected under the Data Source Field in the Schema tab. If required, modify the Output Column Name along with the Column Type.
Note: All numbers are mapped to doubles by default. Change this to
BIGINTif you know that your numbers are integers.
Toggle from UI to SQL at any point to view the corresponding SQL code for your selected output.
7. Add any required calculated fields and review them in the Calculated Fields tab. See: Adding calculated fields
8. Add any required lookups and review them under the Calculated Fields tab.
10. Click Make Aggregated to turn the output into an aggregated output. Read the warning before clicking OK and then add the required aggregation. This aggregation field will then be added to the Schema tab. See: Aggregation functions
11. In the Aggregation Calculated Fields area under the Calculated Fields tab, add any required calculated fields on aggregations. See: Functions, Aggregation functions
12. Partition the data by clicking More > Manage Partitions and then selecting the following:
- Key: Partitions the data table using one or more fields (or calculated fields)
- Partitioning Time: Partitions the data table using a specific time field
13. To keep only the latest event per upsert key, click More > Manage Upserts then select the following:
- Keys: A unique key identifying a row in the table
- Deletions: The delete key (events with the value true in their deletion key field will be deleted)
Click Preview at any time to view a preview of your current output.
14. Click Run and fill out the following fields:
- S3 Storage: The storage for the data of the table; the access key of this storage must belong to the same AWS account as the access key of the selected connection
- Database Name
- Table Name
Note: If you select Redshift Spectrum as your connection type, you will be prompted to select an Athena connection.
15. Click Next and complete the following:
Processing Time Range
Select the compute cluster to run the calculation on. Alternatively, click the drop-down and create a new compute cluster.
The range of data to process. This can start from the data source beginning, now, or a custom date and time. This can never end, end now or end at a custom date and time.
16. Finally, click Deploy to run the output. It will show as Running in the output panel and is now live in production and consumes compute resources.
You should now be able to access your table from your Redshift Query Editor.